Setup the Raspberry Pi 3B+
At the first step you need a RaspberryPi. I recommend to get the latest version that is a Raspberry Pi 3B+ at the moment. If you already have a Raspberry Pi that is an older version that should not be a problem. If you don’t have a RaspberryPi, get one. For example here:
Raspberry Pi 3B+ naked:
or as a bundle
You will also need a card reader for the SD-Card in case your PC or Laptop doesn’t have one. I am using this cheap one that is connected via USB. Attention, the shipping takes a while!
LogiLink Cardreader USB 2.0 Stick via Amazon*
If you have your Raspberry ready to use, we need the latest image of Raspbian. That is the operating system the Raspberry Pi Foundation made and optimized for the Raspberry Pi.
To get the operatingsystem, open a browser and browse to https://www.raspberrypi.org/. At the navigation bar at the top, you have “Download”. Click on that link.
On that page at the top you have the option to download “NOOBS” or “Raspbian”. Click on “Raspbian”.
On the next page you have the option to download “Raspbian Stretch with Desktop” or “Raspbian Stretch Lite”. Select “Download ZIP” next to the “Raspbian Stretch with Desktop” to download the image of Raspbian.
Save the file on your local PC somewhere where you will find the file. When the download is done, you have to extract the image the downloaded zip-file. To do so, right click the file and select “Extract all..” and click “Extract” at the bottom of the window.
After this is done, a window will open with the “2018-06-27-raspbian-stretch.img”-File. Maybe the file is named slightly different in your download. If you have this, the img-file is ready to be copied to the SD Card.
The next step is to format copy the downloaded image to the SD Card. Plug in your card reader with your SD Card in the SD Slot. You also need a Software to copy the image. I recommend “Win32 Disk Imager”. That one is free and easy to use. You can download it here: https://sourceforge.net/projects/win32diskimager/
After the download, please install and start the software. You will see this window:
In the first field, select the img file you just extracted and select the SD Card-Reader drive at the right (1). If you have no USB Stick or external HDD connected to your system, the SD-Card Reader should be the only drive that is available (2). After you entered this options, click the “Write”-Button (3).
Finally you will get a success message and the write process is done. You can now remove the SD-Card and/or SD-Card reader from your system and attach the Micro SD Card to the Raspberry Pi.
In the next steps we will start the initial configuration of the Raspberry Pi that is running with Raspbian Stretch. So attach all wires except power (minimum: screen, keyboard and mouse) and be sure the SD Card is well mounted to the Raspberry.
When you plug in the power, you will see a Raspberry Pi Startup screen. After about 1-2 minutes, you will see the desktop and a configuration wizard. In the wizard click “Next” to start the configuration.
In the first dialog you have to set the Country, Language and Timezone.
In the second dialog you have to specify your password, that will be used for the user “pi” you are using to login to the Raspberry.
In the third dialog you have to select the WiFi Network you like to connect to. You can skip this if you are using a wired network connection or you have to select you Wifi and enter the passphrase for the connection.
In the fourth dialog the Raspberry will search for updates. This requires a properly configured network connection with internet access. Click the “Next” button to start searching for updates. The search will take a while depending on the number of available updates. Finally you should see a message, that the “System is up to date”.
On the last dialog page the Raspberry likes to reboot. Click the reboot-button to reboot the Raspberry.
After the reboot you will get a message that Raspbian was updated.
Now we continue with the configuration because the hostname and some services are still missing.
Click the Raspberry Icon at the top left corner and select “Preferences” => “Raspberry Pi Configuration”.
On the first “System” tab enter your custom hostname for the Raspberry. You can also leave this default but if you have more than one, you should change this to another name.
On the second tab “Interfaces” you should enable “SSH” and “VNC”. SSH is used to connect to the Raspberry via console. VNC is used to connect to the desktop you see right now. Also check if you need to configure to localisation using the “Localization” tab. The default settings (like Timezone) are always for Great Britain and you may want to change it. After you confirm the dialog, you need to restart the Raspberry to apply the new hostname.
To connect remotely to the Raspberry we need the IP. On the Raspberry click the black so called “Terminal” icon (like the Command Line on Windows).
In the Terminal window type the command “ifconfig” (without the quotes) and press enter. You will see the following output:
We need to search for the IP the Raspberry has. If you are using the wifi connection like in the screenshot, you will find the IP address in the “wlan0”-section just after the “inet” in the line that starts with “inet”. If you are using a wired connection, you will see this information in the section “eth0” at the top.
Note this IP address for future use.
To connect to the Raspberry via console using SSH, we need a SSH client. The most popular client is Putty. You can download it here: https://www.putty.org/
Click on “here” in the “Download PuTTY”-Area.
After this, download the MSI installer in the “Package files” section that fits to your system. After the download run the setup and install Putty.
To start the connection to the Raspberry using Putty, start Putty and enter the IP address of the Raspberry into the field “Host Name” and click on the “Open”-button.
On your first connection, you will be asked if you trust the footprint of the system you are connecting to. Simply click on “yes”.
After that the console will show “login as:”. Enter “pi” and press enter, because “pi” is the default username for the Raspberry. The next line will ask for the password. Enter your password. Don’t wonder if nothing happens when you hit a key. In Linux (so also in Raspbian) passwords are almost never shown in any kind. Just type your password blind and press enter.
Welcome to the SSH session. You can do the almost same things you can do in the local “Terminal” program using this connection. We will need this later over and over again.
From now on you don’t need the HDMI-, Mouse- and Keyboard-Cable anymore connected to your Raspberry Pi. Everything we will do from now on will be via a SSH connection using Putty.
Optional: Disable Wifi and Bluetooth
In case you just want to use the Ethernet connection and you do not need or want to use Wifi and/or Bluetooth, configure the following settings:
sudo nano /boot/config.txt
This in the lower part of the file, you may see a line that starts with dtoverlay= or #dtoverlay=. Below that line add this line to disable Wifi:
to disable Bluetooth, add this line:
Press Ctrl+O to write the changes and Ctrl+X to exit the file.
To apply this setting, you need to restart the Raspberry:
Optional: Configure static IP
To configure a static IP instead of a DHCP address, follow the following steps. Open the config-file for network configuration:
sudo nano /etc/dhcpcd.conf
Go to the section, that starts with “# Example static IP configuration:”. Remove the hash characters at the beginning (except the ip6-line).
In the line starting with “static ip_address” configure the new IP-Address and the subnetmask. For example 192.168.0.10. If you subnet is 255.255.255.0 add /24 to the end. This is usually the case in home configurations.
In the line starting with “static routers” add your Gateway (i.e. the IP of your router).
In the line starting with “static domain_name_servers” add your DNS Servers. This is usually also your router but as a fallback it may be helpful to add another public DNS Server like 220.127.116.11.
Save the file with Ctrl+O and exit the file with Ctrl+X.
To apply this setting, you need to restart the Raspberry:
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